Woodworkers as a lot are absolute adamant people; just ask us. We all apperceive which tools, types of copse and finishing techniques plan the best. Ours, of course, and to acquaint the accuracy that’s my assessment too. I. I accept accoutrement that I love, and those that I don’t, techniques that absolutely plan abundant for me and those that don’t, as able-bodied as those I absolutely dislike. But one affair I anticipate all woodworkers can accede on is the attending and feel of a cautiously crafted section of work. If you anytime accept the befalling to appointment a absolute woodworking boutique or store, not those accumulation produced Mega stores, but a absolute abundance or boutique with saw dust on the floor, I will bet you will not be able to abide active your easily forth the tops, admiring the able joinery and the superior accomplishment even if it isn’t your actualization of furniture.
Now there are abounding altered styles of work, from the apparent and simple curve of the Quakers, to the awful busy Queen Anne pieces with angry legs and arced fronts, to the ultra avant-garde pieces that animate copse and added materials. In my apperception the best actualization is Arts and Craft. I anticipate there is a lot of acceding with that choice. One of the things I accept abstruse aback I began to analysis the Arts and Craft movement is that the actualization is not bound to just the furniture. It’s a able amalgamation which can beset your absolute house. If you agnosticism this, go to your bounded DIY store, area you will acquisition an anytime accretion accumulation of Hardwood Oak moldings and trim. Or go to any of the bags of appliance stores, and even admitting a lot of the getting is atom lath and laminate, a lot of the designs accept absolute able Arts and Craft influences. If we confused into our accepted home, we had the accepted builder’s brand corrective 1 3/8″ abstraction on every aperture and window. As time and account has allowed, we accept replaced every alone section of it with wide, decrepit oak molding. We afresh replaced the amount risers and treads with oak, and a lot of of the carpeting has begin its way to the clutter yard. Why, because we adulation the attending and feel of absolute wood. A lot of of the appliance I accomplish is either a reproduction of an Arts and Craft piece, or a alternative of it. The appliance that we accept purchased is either Leather or Danish Modern.
Both the Leather and Danish Avant-garde alloy able-bodied with the Arts and Craft design, A lot of of the aboriginal plan done by Gustav Stickley, the ancestor of the Arts and Craft movement in America, was done application the accustomed adorableness of the Copse and Leather. The alone aberration I can see amid the Arts and Craft and the Danish Modern, is the best of finish. The aboriginal Arts and Craft pieces tended to be rather dark, while the Danish Avant-garde is a light, oil based finish. Both styles of appliance affection simple curve and honest craftsmanship. Some of the Danish pieces are too aberrant for my claimed taste, but I accept to adore the craftsmanship.
The Arts and Craft Movement in America can trace its apprehensive alpha aback to backward 1800’s to the aboriginal 1900’s. A lot of of the appliance of the era was getting accumulation produced, awful decorative, and to some, bare in actualization and workmanship. While at the aforementioned time, Europe was beneath traveling a cultural revolution, advance chiefly by William Morris, who afterwards became abominable for his “Morris Chair”, and adolescent Britisher John Ruskin, adjoin this accumulation produced, and awful busy actualization of furniture. These followers of the Arts and Craft Movement preached a acknowledgment to handcrafted styles and a aesthetics of a simpler life. The adolescent American, Gustav Stickley, during a cruise to Europe, became a adherent of the movement and the apple of woodworking and appliance in America was always changed.
Upon his acknowledgment to America, Gustav opened his “Craftsman Store”, in 1898, area he able his different design. His plan was based on boxlike designs, featuring accord and accord joinery, or dovetails. These joints were celebrated, not hidden, as it was in the Victorian pieces. One of the tenants that Gustav believed in was duke craftsman. This ultimately led to his company’s demise. In 1916, a abbreviate 18 years afterwards it inception, Gustav Stickley filed for Bankruptcy.
While his break in business was short, Gustav’s bequest lives on today. Abounding of his designs are still affected and his aboriginal pieces now are in museums or clandestine collections. Their budgetary amount is aloof for most.
Gustav had two adolescent brothers, Leopold and John George, who were aswell absolute able craftsman. Together they opened their own company, “L & JG Stickley, Inc” in 1904. The L & JG Stickley Aggregation is still in business today. Although it is no best captivated by the Stickley Family, they still aftermath top superior appliance of the Arts and Craft era. Leopold and John George aswell believed in duke crafting the furniture, but accepted that machines could be acclimated to get the section to the point that duke ability could complete the piece.
The Stickley’s were not against to machinery, they just the alone the awkward ability that accumulation assembly and machines brought to the plan place. A abstraction that still plagues some plan places over 100 years later, conceivably it’s not too backward to apprentice from Leopold and John George. Today we would alarm this a “strong plan ethic”, but what anytime you alarm it, it worked, because in 1918, Leopold and John George purchased the broke “Craftsman Store”. Leopold and John George are aswell amenable for the 1905 addition of the Mission Oak architecture that is still absolute abundant in faddy today. And in 1922, they alien their “Cherry Valley Collection”.
A lot of added names accept been associated with the Arts and Craft Movement, too abounding to name. However, in my mind, no altercation would be complete afterwards abacus the names, “Greene & Greene”. Charles and Henry Greene were not in fact appliance builders, but rather Architects, forth the band of Frank Lloyd Wright. If commissioned to architecture a home, they aswell advised the appliance to go in the home, this was a austere requirement. If the applicant could not allow their furniture, Greene and Greene would crave that they acquirement appliance from Gustav Stickley. The Greene and Greene designs assorted from the acceptable Arts and Craft, their best of copse was Mahogany, instead of Oak, and instead of beeline stretchers, their Asian afflicted designs accept a “Cloud Lift “. Generally the Cloud Lift was again in the basal of the apron. Today’s woodworkers can carbon the Cloud Lift detail with a arrangement and a router. I curiosity at the accomplishment it took the aboriginal artisan to do this.
Another architecture aspect that identifies the Greene and Greene actualization is the use of inlaid atramentous pegs into above joints. These pegs were either decorative, if acclimated to awning a screw, or structural. Afterwards a accord and accord were adapted and alert in place, a aperture was fabricated in the ancillary of the leg into the tenon. A agnate atramentous peg was amid into the hole, creating absurd strength. The ends of the pegs were shaped to add beheld interest.
Greene and Greene home and appliance designs were appear in a magazine, created by Gustav Stickley, abundantly abundant called “The Craftsman”. The annual was aswell an access for Gustav to advance his actuality apropos all amenities of life. If you were to analyze the autograph in “the Craftsman” to those of today’s DIY magazines, you would absolutely agenda that the authors of the Arts and Craft movement were added renaissance men than carefully woodworkers. They aggregate their behavior on all affairs of life.
There has been some abashing about the name, Artisan home. Some feel that the name represents the architecture concepts of the Arts and Craft Movement, while added anticipate of the “Craftsman Home” awash by Sears. From about 1908 to 1940, Sears bogus a band of stick congenital homes that were awash from a archive and delivered to the job website with all of the pieces cut and labeled. Sears had over 400 banal designs, but accustomed alone barter to adapt any of the Plans. Sears reportedly awash some area amid 70 and 75 thousand of these homes. Out of the Arts and Craft movement, aswell came some interesting, and some what dangerous, methods of finishing. Gustav Stickley and his followers advocated “Fuming” as the accomplishment of choice. Now remember, this was continued before, OSHA, and the workers rights movements. The completed pieces were placed in an “airtight” room, and apparent to top backbone ammonia. The tannins in Oak, will acknowledge to the ammonia, and blush the wood. This is a convenance not in use anymore in industry, as alive with the top backbone ammonia is a bloom risk. Just like I curiosity at the craftsmanship, I generally anticipate about the workers who day afterwards day agitated the copse into the angry rooms, accepting little or no breath protection.
What in fact dead the aboriginal Arts and Craft Movement? Historians acquaint us that Apple War One was the Death bell to the movement. With the country at War, a lot of of the able bodied men larboard the factories and shops in abutment the war effort, including the craftsmen and artisans of the day. Factory productions were switched to acknowledging this effort, abrogation few assets for appliance accomplishment that wasn’t carefully functional. Returning GI’s, brought aback with them a new adulation for the Art Deco attending which was absolute accepted in Europe.
I anticipate that there are apparently two added factors that created the end of the movement, the 1930’s brought about the abundant depression, area humans were abundant added anxious about absolute survival, again accepting superior furniture. The additional affair is a botheration that still haunts us today, a ability drain.
With the accomplished artisan abrogation to go to the Europe and the Asian theaters of War, their ability larboard with them. The woodworking guilds bankrupt down as the craftsmen larboard and those who took their places in the abode were unskilled laborers. As woodworkers, I anticipate we can all accede that the aberration amid an boilerplate woodworker and a craftsperson, is generally training beneath a accomplished adept woodworker.
So there you accept it, if you are like me, I attending for every book or commodity I can acquisition about the Arts and Craft movement. Not because I wish to body aggregate in the book, I don’t accept the room, time or account for that, but because I adulation the style. If you’re new to the Arts and Craft style, you came at a acceptable time, afresh there has been a renewed interest, and with that brings added information, books, and CD’s. Go acquisition a activity you like, and plan at it, but be careful, you ability get absorbed on the style.